20 YEARS OF FREEDOM: A SHORT HISTORICAL CONTEXTUALISATION
By Soop-Mai Tang, Project Assistant
On April 27th 1994, the first democratic and multiracial elections in South Africa marked the end of several decades of a segregationist regime. Apartheid, a political system based on racial discrimination, had been in place since 1950. This policy of racial segregation promoted the so-called superiority of the white ethnic groups not just geographically but also into the social and economic spheres (for example, the country was divided into several zones to which each ethnic group was geographically tied).